Japan

日本国
Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku

Flag

Imperial Seal

Anthem: 

"Kimigayo"

君が代

"His Imperial Majesty's Reign"

Government Seal of Japan

Go-Shichi no Kiri(五七桐)

Area controlled by Japan shown in green—claimed, but uncontrolled shown in light green

Capital
and largest city
Tokyo
35°41′N139°46′E / 35.683°N 139.767°E
Official languages 11 Languages
Recognised regional languages 1.       Ainu Itak

2.       Amami Ōshima

3.       Kikai

4.       Kunigami

5.       Miyako

6.       Okinawan

7.       Okinoerabu

8.       Tokunoshima

9.       Yaeyama

10.   Yonaguni

11.   Yoron

National  language Japanese
Ethnic groups(2011) 98.5% Japanese

0.5% Korean

0.4% Chinese

0.6% other

Religion 51.82% Shinto

34.9% Buddhism

4% Shinto sects

2.3% Christianity

7.0% No answer

Demonym Japanese
Government Unitary parliamentary constitutional  monarchy
• Emperor Akihito
 Prime Minister Shinzō Abe
• Deputy Prime Minister Tarō Asō
Legislature National Diet
• Upper house House of Councillors
• Lower house House of Representatives
Formation
• National Foundation Day February 11, 660 BCE
• Meiji Constitution November 29, 1890
• Current constitution May 3, 1947
• San Francisco
Peace Treaty
April 28, 1952
Area
• Total 377,972 km2 (145,936 sq mi)(61st)
• Water (%) 0.8
Population
• 2017 census 126,672,000(10th)
• Density 336/km2 (870.2/sq mi) (36th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total $5.420 trillion (4th)
• Per capita $42,860 (27th)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total $4.841 trillion (3rd)
• Per capita $38,281 (20th)
Gini (2011) 37.9
medium · 76th
HDI (2015)  0.903
very high · 17th
Currency Yen (¥) / En円 (JPY)
Time zone JST(UTC+9)
• Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+9)
Date format yyyy-mm-dd

yyyy年m月d日

Era yy年m月d日 (CE−1988)

Drives on the left
Calling code +81
ISO 3166 code JP
Internet TLD .jp